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College print shops hoard hundreds of pirated textbooks, and students buy photocopied textbooks to save money.

  Print shops in colleges and universities hoard hundreds of pirated textbooks.

  College textbooks are priced higher, and students can save half the money by buying photocopied textbooks. Copy shops have become the focus of many publishers’ rights protection.

  In February, the National Office for Combating Pornography and Illegal Publications, in conjunction with five departments, issued the Notice on Launching Special Governance Actions for Universities and Their Surrounding Copy Stores in Some Key Cities, requiring 40 key cities across the country to severely crack down on piracy and copy activities in universities and their surrounding copy shops, so as to curb the growing trend of campus piracy. Beijing, where universities gather, has also been included in the list of special governance this year.

  What are the reasons for the widespread popularity of copying teaching materials? Beijing Youth Daily reporter recently visited copying shops around many universities in Beijing, and found that most shops are still openly undertaking the business of "privately customized" copying teaching materials, and even some shops have hundreds of electronic textbooks in their computers, and the "class" group buying business has been raging. Because of the hidden operation of the store, the difficulty in obtaining evidence and the unclear legal boundary, the business activities of the copy shops around the university are still on the verge of supervision.

  visit

  Copy shops hoard "group purchase" electronic textbooks, and the business is booming.

  On the morning of March 10th, the reporter of Beiqing Daily came to the printing shop in a comprehensive service center for college students and said, "Boss, a group of postgraduate students want to copy and print some textbooks." Without asking what the book was, the shopkeeper promised, "Just bring the book. If there is no book, it is ok to have an electronic version, a Word file or a Pdf file. 2 cents per page, 1 cent if there is more — — They are all bound for you. "

  Only one of the photocopiers and printers in this shop is working. "I was very busy when I first started school, but I am already busy now." The owner said. The reporter of Beiqing Daily saw that there were three "teaching materials" printed and bound on A4 paper on the windowsill, namely "Latest English Course for Science and Technology", "Information Systems Essentials" and "Liu Wei IELTS Speaking". The second book is in English, and the inside page shows that it was edited and published by an American university; The third book is actually a handout from an English training institution in China. The owner told the reporter that these three books were printed by students before, "I made an extra copy and put it here for whom."

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily visited the copy shops around many universities in Haidian, which are mostly distributed near the canteens and teaching buildings in the student living quarters. On average, there are at least six or seven print shops in a school. Most of the small shops are only three or four square meters. When it comes to recess and rest, the small shops are packed with students coming and going, and there are many students who come to copy the teaching materials. The reporter looked at it, and some copied textbooks, and some copied Chinese and foreign reference books borrowed from the library. Upon reporter’s inquiry, these stores can undertake the business of copying teaching materials. Most of them are printed on both sides at a price of 10 cents each, bound in 2 yuan, with 4-5 cents for double-sided copying and 10 cents for single-sided copying. If the quantity is large, you can get a discount. If you want to install the cover, you can add 2 yuan. There are also price concessions for large quantities.

  In a copy shop of another university, a big red advertisement of "Printing and Copying Textbooks" is posted at the door, and a bibliography of university public courses such as "15-year history outline, military theory, comprehensive English listening and speaking, advanced B (Part II)" is also posted on the wall. There is Yin Gao, a half-meter-high semi-finished English pronunciation practice manual for freshmen, beside the printer, and there is "Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press" on the copyright page. The staff admitted that this is a "list" for class group purchase. "You should make a list, write down the title of the book to be printed, and then indicate how many copies of each book to print, and then write down your name and contact number, so that we won’t make a mistake — — This is what other classes do. "

  Pointing to a stack of blue-covered photocopied "teaching materials", the store owner said that these are the best-selling teaching materials posted on the wall, and there are more than a dozen books that have not been sold out in batch print this school season. "When business is good, hundreds of people come to the store to queue up to buy textbooks every day, and many of them send class cadres to buy them. In order to save time, the commonly used textbooks and teaching materials are simply scanned into electronic versions for printing and copying. " When the reporter of Beiqing Daily asked if it was possible to copy the History of China News Communication, the store readily turned on the computer to help search for the electronic version of the book. The folder named "Customer Information" contained hundreds of electronic versions of teaching materials, mostly PDF-based. "The reason why our store is popular is also because the public courses and professional books are complete."

  In the survey, most of the staff of various printing shops said that they had not heard of the policy news to be inspected in the near future for the time being. "The business of copying books has been done for many years, and I have never heard of it." A student from a university in Beijing told the reporter of Beiqing Daily that in the past, the print shop in the school would sell some printed textbooks to students at the beginning of the school year, but since last semester, this phenomenon has been "rare". Some shopkeepers also responded that if students bring books or electronic books to the store for copying, they will print them as required and stop selling them in batches because "hoarding goods is easy to lose money".

  survey

  Student: Buying a copy of a textbook can save more than half of the money compared with a new book.

  The students interviewed at random explained the reasons for the popularity of copying textbooks. On the one hand, except for higher vocational colleges and private colleges, many colleges and universities in Beijing do not uniformly subscribe for textbooks when freshmen enter school, and students have the initiative to buy textbooks themselves. On the other hand, books bought from printing shops are cheaper than genuine new books, and the printing quality is good, so copying textbooks is naturally favored by everyone. The pirated books in these print shops will be more popular if there are notes left by previous students.

  "Some original textbooks are too expensive. If you buy a printed version from a print shop, it will generally cost more than 10 yuan; Moreover, some books have the key points drawn by seniors and sisters, and you can help yourself review them before the exam. I feel that buying such books is quite cost-effective. " A student who has purchased printed textbooks many times told the reporter of Beiqing Daily.

  Take the textbook History of Journalism and Communication in China published by Renmin University of China Press, which has 404 pages and is priced at 45 yuan. If you copy at the price of 5 cents a page in the store, a copy of teaching materials can save more than half of the money than buying new books. According to the rough statistics of the reporter of Beiqing Daily, after four years of undergraduate study, if dozens of specialized course textbooks are copied, a student can save nearly 1,000 yuan in textbook purchase fees.

  Print shop: The monthly income from copying textbooks is nearly 10,000.

  According to reports, last spring, the Higher Education Society visited 27 colleges and universities in 7 provincial capital cities and the surrounding copy shops, and found that most of the business of these copy shops thought that students copied books. Not only that, these stores will scan public course books, professional course books and best-selling books according to the curriculum and examination time, archive the electronic files of the copied books, provide students with optional bibliographies for copying, and bind them into books after output as needed, forming an industrial chain of "arranging", printing and loading. This leads to another question: how much profit can the business of copying teaching materials in university print shops bring to businesses? Take "Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought and Socialism with Chinese characteristics’s Theoretical System (Revised Edition 2010)" published by Higher Education Press as an example. The text of this book has 398 pages, 25 prints, and the price is 23 yuan, with an average of 0.92 yuan/print. According to the calculation of 4 page numbers of each copy in the copy shop, the whole volume is copied at 0.05 yuan/face, and the price of the whole book is 10 yuan, which is equivalent to 4.4 fold of the genuine price. Excluding the cost of manpower, consumables and rent, the actual profit of each textbook can be maintained around 3 yuan by copying a single textbook.

  During the visit, many stores in Haidian also revealed to the reporter of Beiqing Daily that in addition to receiving copying orders on campus, they will also solicit batch copying services from other universities and teaching units through QQ online. A staff member of a copy shop explained, "There are also some customers from middle schools, educational institutions and even trans-regions who come to us to print teaching AIDS. The monthly income from copying textbooks alone is almost 10,000. "

  core

  Teaching materials are necessities, and market-oriented pricing is difficult for students.

  It has been suggested that the high price of university textbooks is an important reason for the prosperity of campus copy managers. So, is the pricing of genuine university textbooks reasonable? The reporter of Beiqing Daily browsed the prices of some textbooks in Tsinghua University Textbook Center, and found that few textbooks are below 20 yuan, most of which are priced between 20 yuan and 50 yuan, and some are above 50 yuan. The staff of a famous university publishing house in Haidian responded, "The university textbooks in China are not expensive. The price of a 300-page textbook with ordinary binding is almost 20-30 yuan. Compared with the pricing of hundreds of RMB in foreign university textbooks, this price is really not expensive."

  He also said that the publishing house had received complaints from university professors, saying that many students took copies of textbooks in class, and the textbooks in this class were written by themselves. "If all students use photocopied textbooks, the hard work of the editors will not be respected, let alone protect their legitimate rights and interests."

  However, college students have another feeling about whether textbooks are expensive. Compared with primary and secondary school textbooks priced by the government, university textbooks, which are also necessities, are much more expensive. The reporter of Beiqing Daily searched online for the price of a complete set of textbooks (color version) of compulsory mathematics in senior high school. There are five books in this set, covering three years in senior high school, and the total price is 42.3 yuan. However, the price of college students majoring in mathematics and statistics who only buy the genuine textbooks of advanced mathematics has surpassed that of 80 yuan, nearly twice as high. Compared with senior high schools, there are many specialized courses and public compulsory courses in universities, and there are usually twenty or thirty courses in a four-year academic system. The interviewed engineering junior boys told reporters that the cost of ordering new textbooks in the first school year spent 800 yuan. "When we first went to college, we all bought new textbooks, which was really much more expensive than high school. Later, when we were sophomore and junior, we bought second-hand books from our brothers and sisters." However, because many graduates still want to keep professional books, the second-hand teaching materials they can buy are usually limited to public courses such as politics and English, so copying teaching materials has become the way for the students and classmates to buy.

  Copying teaching materials is still in the marginal zone of supervision

  In order to further clarify the supervision status of print shops in colleges and universities, the reporter of Beiqing Daily recently called the Legal Supervision Office of Beijing Cultural Law Enforcement Corps and asked whether "copying and selling textbooks in large quantities on campus is within its supervision scope". The staff said that the cultural administrative law enforcement department has conditions for filing a case, and we will not intervene before filing a case. "As you have reflected, it is necessary to analyze the specific situation. There is no certain amount and scale of reprinting and conclusive sales evidence. Generally, the copyright owner and the publishing house come forward to negotiate with the copy shop. When talking about the conditions for filing a case, she also said that the first is to confirm the infringement, and the second is to violate the public interest. For example, piracy and reprinting violate the relevant national laws and regulations.

  What attitude does the school take towards the printing shop’s copying of teaching materials? The teacher of the Logistics Department of a science and engineering college in Haidian replied that most of these print shops in the school are self-operated and only rent the school place, and the Logistics Department often reminds the print shop owners to abide by relevant laws and regulations to prevent them from pirating and selling books in batches. "The school will continue to work hard in this regard. On the one hand, it will strengthen the management of print shops on campus, and on the other hand, it will remind students to use formal textbooks and consciously resist piracy." The staff said.

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily also learned from the anti-piracy alliance of Beijing 15th Society that the copy shops around the campus have become the focus of many publishers’ rights protection. However, in their daily work, they found that there are also "blind spots" in the handling of infringement of copy shops. For example, most copy shops only copy the text of books, and when binding, they are accompanied by a cover that only prints the title of the book, omitting the publishing unit, author and trademark of the original book. Even if law enforcement officers find the copied finished products, there is no way to obtain the copyright information of the copies to clarify the infringed objects. Secondly, the owner of the copy shop is very vigilant, and generally does not put a large number of copied finished products on the counter, which makes it very difficult for the right holder to defend his rights and the law enforcement department to investigate and deal with it. This group/reporter Liu Xu Lei Jia Wang Xiaoyun

  Experts say

  Copying officially published books and selling them constitute infringement.

  Does it constitute infringement for students to copy textbooks in batches and other officially published books and buy pirated books in copy shops? What kind of tort liability should a copy shop bear if it infringes? In this regard, the reporter of Beiqing Daily interviewed Zhao Zhanling, a special researcher at the Intellectual Property Center of China University of Political Science and Law.

  Zhao Zhanling said that the Copyright Law stipulates that "translating or copying a few published works for school classroom teaching or scientific research for teaching or scientific research, but not publishing and distributing" belongs to the category of fair use, and copying textbooks and other books by students and teachers for personal study and research purposes does not constitute infringement, nor does a copy shop. However, if a copy shop copies books by itself and sells them to customers for profit, it constitutes infringement.

  How many copies of a book constitute infringement? In Zhao Zhanling’s view, although there is no specific provision in the Copyright Law, as long as a printing shop copies books for profit, it constitutes infringement, which has nothing to do with the amount of copying. Zhao Zhanling also said that whether copying paper books or printing electronic versions of books such as Word and PDF, as long as they are printed, this constitutes infringement.

  Regarding the legal responsibility that the printing shop should bear, Zhao Zhanling said that this constitutes a civil infringement, and the copy shop should stop the infringement and compensate the obligee for the losses if it has the above acts. "The copy shop is a self-employed small shop, and it is difficult to determine how much loss has been caused by the obligee, but it can be compensated according to the income from infringement." Zhao Zhanling believes that because the books copied by the printing shops are scattered, it is difficult for publishers and authors to give evidence when defending their rights, which makes publishers and authors not pursue this in law too much.

  Zhao Zhanling also suggested that the internal managers of colleges and universities can take relevant measures to manage the copy shops on campus, and students should also enhance their legal awareness, and only use the copied books for their own study and not sell them externally. Text/reporter Li Mengting

What is Vanke Guanhu like? In April, the latest dynamic real estate consultant will broadcast live for you!

Disclaimer: All texts, pictures and other materials marked "Source: Fang Tianxia" are copyrighted by Fang Tianxia, please indicate the source for reprinting; The content of the article is for reference only and does not constitute investment advice; Unless otherwise specified, the areas involved in this paper are all construction areas; The pictures in the article are for reference only, subject to the actual situation of the sales office.

Discount and big price! The 2023 Chenzhou Spring Auto Show opened today.

On April 14th, "Huidong Beihu Enjoy Life" 2023 Chenzhou Spring Auto Show (the 9th Car Buying Festival of China People’s Insurance Company and the 12th Southern Hunan Automobile Culture Festival) was grandly opened in Wuling Square.

The auto show will last for four days. Joint venture brands such as Guangqi Honda, FAW-Volkswagen, Buick, Changan Ford and FAW Toyota will all bring the latest models to the show. Independent brands such as Hongqi, BYD, Changan Automobile and Harvard will make a collective appearance. Dozens of mainstream auto brands and more than a thousand models can meet the needs of various people. Exhibitors have also introduced preferential measures such as straight drop, discount, full reduction and reduction, which have attracted many citizens to come to watch the exhibition and buy cars.

In front of Guangqi Honda booth, the slogan "0 yuan to open a new car" is particularly eye-catching. Citizens have zero pressure to buy a car. The down payment is as low as 20,000 yuan, and they can enjoy 12 installments of 0 interest at the highest. Stylish and cool models such as Stylish, Haoying, Binzhi and Zhizhai have attracted many citizens to take a test drive. "This car has a stylish appearance and a high quality interior. I like it very much." Mr. Liu, a citizen, took a fancy to a compact SUV of Honda Haoying at a glance.

There are many benefits and gifts at this auto show! Guangzhou Automobile Toyota snapped up the meeting in a limited time, and the purchase tax was up to 10,000 yuan; Zhongtian Ford benefited in a limited time, bought a car at the auto show and sent a 3,000-yuan boutique gift package, ordered a car to enjoy three maintenance times in three years, and participated in the golden egg winning prize. Guanghui Chenzhou Aofeng Audi Auto Show enjoys exclusive 10 surprise policy models, with a maximum subsidy of 8,000 yuan for car replacement and a red envelope gift of 888 yuan for car purchase. BYD Song car purchase to 88 yuan to pay 6888 yuan for car purchase, enjoy 1980 yuan car booking package, and deliver 3000 yuan car delivery package this month; Chevrolet courtesy of the whole city, limited time discount of 20,000 to 70,000 yuan …

In addition, the replacement of new energy vehicles can be applied for a subsidy of 5,000 yuan through the local area of China UnionPay "China Unionpay Quick Pass" App (according to the Implementation Rules for the Application of Replacement Subsidies for New Energy Vehicles with Purchase of Hunan Cars in 2023). The government has also issued a car purchase subsidy with a total amount of 176,500 yuan. If citizens book cars during the auto show and complete the payment before April 30, they can withdraw a maximum of 5,000 yuan in coupons.

In addition to the ultra-low preferential policies and exquisite gifts, there is also a beautiful online celebrity anchor at this auto show. These online celebrity anchors broadcast live auto shows on platforms such as Tik Tok and Aauto Quicker, and made "cloud recommendation" for auto shows from the perspectives of exhibition area tour, vehicle selection, live event and test drive experience.

The exhibition is still going on. People who want to buy a car or like a car in the near future can visit the site for a test drive, with rich benefits and limited time. Go and buy a favorite car!

Editor: Xie Lina

After the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development made it clear that the regulation was weak and determined to be accountable, 13 cities introduced a new property market policy within 20 days.

  Since July, the central government has repeatedly reiterated the keynote of "housing and housing without speculation" and the goal of "three stability". After the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development clearly put forward the accountability of cities where housing prices have risen too fast, the real estate market has ushered in a new wave of regulation.

  According to the incomplete statistics of The Paper, since July 22nd, the Housing and Construction Bureau has emphasized to further implement the main responsibility of the city government, strengthen the supervision and guidance responsibility of the provincial government, and resolutely hold the cities that are ineffective in regulation and control, and the housing prices are rising too fast accountable. At present, 13 cities have issued new policies on property market regulation to promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market.

  These cities include: Shanghai, Shaoxing, Hefei, Wuxi, Jinan, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Dongguan, Jinhua, Hangzhou, Beijing, Chengdu and Quzhou.

  In these cities that have introduced the regulation of the property market, it has become an important content to rectify the intermediary’s standardized operation, introduce the guiding price of second-hand houses, limit business loans, purchase restrictions, sales restrictions and crack down on speculation in school districts.

  Poor regulation and firm accountability

  On July 22nd, the State Council held a teleconference on accelerating the development of affordable rental housing and further improving the regulation of the real estate market. The meeting pointed out that we should attach great importance to the new situation and new problems in real estate work, adhere to the positioning that houses are used for living, not for speculation, and do not regard real estate as a short-term means to stimulate the economy, fully implement the long-term real estate mechanism of stabilizing land prices, housing prices and expectations, and promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market.

  On the same day, the People’s Daily article pointed out that since the beginning of this year, due to various objective factors, coupled with the failure of some cities to fulfill their main responsibilities, the regulation of the real estate market has been relaxed, and the real estate market in some cities has warmed up, and some cities have overheated, which requires urban policies and precise policies to further increase the regulation and supervision of the real estate market. In this regard, Zhang Qiguang, director of the real estate market supervision department of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, said that the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development will work with relevant departments to further implement the main responsibilities of urban governments, strengthen the supervision and guidance responsibilities of provincial governments, and resolutely hold cities that are ineffective in regulation and control and whose housing prices are rising too fast accountable.

  Subsequently, on July 23rd, eight departments, including the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, issued the Notice on Continuously Rectifying and Standardizing the Order of the Real Estate Market. The Notice clearly stated that the "policy based on the city" highlighted the key points of rectification, including real estate development, house sale, housing lease and property services. At the same time, the "Notice" mentioned that we will strive to achieve a significant improvement in the order of the real estate market in about three years. Violations of laws and regulations have been effectively curbed, the supervision system has been continuously improved, the supervision information system has been basically established, and the work pattern of joint management by departments has gradually taken shape, and the number of complaints from the masses has dropped significantly.

  5 cities were interviewed

  As soon as the voice of "Resolutely hold accountable the cities that are ineffective in regulation and control and whose housing prices are rising too fast ….." fell, five cities with significantly rising housing prices were interviewed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development.

  On July 29th, Ni Hong, Vice Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, interviewed the responsible comrades of five cities, namely Yinchuan, Xuzhou, Jinhua, Quanzhou and Huizhou, and demanded that the decision-making arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council be resolutely implemented, that the house be used for living, not for speculation, that the real estate be not used as a short-term means to stimulate the economy, that the city’s main responsibility be effectively fulfilled, and that, in view of the new situations and problems in the real estate market in the first half of the year, the regulation and supervision should be strengthened to promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market.

  In the first half of this year, the sales price of new commercial housing and the price of residential land in these five cities increased too fast, and the market expectation was unstable, which aroused widespread concern in society. At the same time, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development announced that Yinchuan, Xuzhou, Jinhua, Quanzhou and Huizhou will be included in the list of key cities for real estate market monitoring.

  After the interview, late at night on August 2, Jinhua City Housing and Urban-Rural Development Bureau of Zhejiang Province issued the Notice on Further Promoting the Stable and Healthy Development of the Real Estate Market in our City, becoming the first city to introduce property market regulation after being interviewed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development.

  The "Notice" clearly implements ten aspects, such as residential sales restriction, notarized lottery sales, and requirements for strengthening second-hand residential price supervision, strengthening financial supervision, strictly renaming management, and implementing the main responsibility.

  According to the Notice, newly-built commercial housing and second-hand housing purchased in Jinhua City (Wucheng District, Jinyi New District < jindong district > and the whole area of Jinhua Economic and Technological Development Zone, the same below) can only be listed and traded after obtaining the Property Ownership Certificate for three years. The confirmation time of obtaining the Property Right Certificate is based on the issuing time of the Property Right Certificate.

  At the same time, the "Notice" mentioned that the dynamic monitoring of the listing price of second-hand houses should be strengthened, and houses with obviously abnormal listing prices should be removed in time. In Jinhua city, we will launch a pilot project to release the transaction reference price of second-hand housing in hot areas, and timely promote and implement the application of the transaction reference price in finance and credit.

  Eight cities have implemented the reference price of second-hand housing transactions.

  It is worth mentioning that, in the industry’s view, the promotion of the reference price system for second-hand housing transactions has become the most important policy in the second-hand housing market this year, further embodying the orientation of all-round supervision of real estate.

  In order to cope with the chaotic listing price of the second-hand housing market and some owners’ "holding the group to raise prices", more and more cities began to control the price of the second-hand housing market, and explored the establishment of a reference price release mechanism for second-hand housing to curb the spread of the "virtual fire" in the property market.

  In addition to Jinhua mentioned above, according to the incomplete statistics of The Paper (www.thepaper.cn), eight cities in China, namely, Shenzhen, Ningbo, Chengdu, Xi ‘an, Shaoxing, Wuxi and Dongguan, have proposed to implement the reference price system for second-hand housing.

  In addition to the reference price system for second-hand housing transactions, since the beginning of this year, some key cities have also introduced various kinds of regulation and supervision measures to promote the stability of second-hand housing prices and market expectations.

  According to the incomplete statistics of Yiju Research Institute, at least nine cities in China have focused on regulating and controlling the price of second-hand housing, which involves cracking down on the behavior of owners to drive up housing prices, establishing a mechanism for releasing information on second-hand housing prices, and increasing the verification of price information.

  For the prospect of 2021, the Blue Book of Real Estate 2021 jointly issued by the Institute of Ecological Civilization of China Academy of Social Sciences, China Real Estate Appraisers and Real Estate Brokers Association points out that the real estate industry is still the ballast stone and stabilizer of China’s economy. Real estate financial supervision will continue to be strengthened, and the tone of policy regulation will continue to be "stable", and the regulatory policies will be more refined and complete. The development of the leasing market has been further enhanced by the policy. Affected by the global monetary easing and low interest rate policy, the real estate market will face greater upward pressure in 2021. The market risk is increasing, the differentiation trend is becoming increasingly obvious, the real estate industry is facing a reshuffle, and the tightening of policy regulation will also curb the market overheating impulse.

Office of the State Council Financial Stability and Development Committee: 11 financial reform measures will be introduced in the near future.

  Cctv newsThe Office of the State Council Financial Stability and Development Committee announced on the 27th that it will launch 11 financial reform measures in the near future.

  These 11 financial reform measures include:

  The Measures for Supervision and Evaluation of Financial Services for Small and Micro Enterprises in Commercial Banks were promulgated to improve the incentive and restraint mechanism for financial services for small and micro enterprises.

  The Work Plan for Deepening Reform and Replenishing Capital of Small and Medium-sized Banks was issued to further promote the deepening reform of small and medium-sized banks.

  The "Guidelines for Industry Performance Evaluation of Government Financing Guarantee and Re-guarantee Institutions" was issued to promote government financing guarantee institutions at all levels to focus on supporting agriculture, reduce guarantee rates, give full play to the role of risk sharing, and help enterprises to resume work and tide over difficulties.

  Four regulations, such as the Administrative Measures for the Registration of Initial Public Offerings of Growth Enterprise Market (Trial), and eight main rules, such as the Listing Rules of Growth Enterprise Market, were issued to promote the reform of Growth Enterprise Market and pilot the registration system.

  The "Guiding Opinions on the Listing of Listed Companies in the National Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Share Transfer System" was issued to accelerate the reform of the New Third Board.

  The Measures for the Administration of Standardized Bills was promulgated to standardize the financing mechanism of standardized bills.

  Issued the Rules for the Identification of Standardized Creditor’s Rights Assets, steadily promoted the transformation and development of asset management business, and enhanced the ability of financial services to the real economy.

  The "Guidelines on Bond Business of Foreign Government Institutions and International Development Institutions" was issued to encourage issuers with real demand for RMB funds to issue bonds and steadily promote the development of the panda bond market.

  Promote the credit rating industry to further open to the outside world, allow qualified international rating agencies and private rating agencies to carry out bond credit rating business in China, and encourage domestic rating agencies to actively expand their international business.

  Guide the standardized and orderly development of the CPA industry, introduce measures for the record management of accounting firms engaged in securities services, and cancel the qualification examination and approval of accounting firms engaged in securities services.

  The Opinions on Strengthening Administrative Penalties for Financial Violations was issued, which clarified the criteria for the punishment of financial institutions for illegal acts and the determination of illegal income, strictly investigated the responsibilities of financial institutions and intermediaries, and strictly investigated the personal responsibilities of those responsible for violations according to law, and intensified the crackdown on financial violations, effectively deterring offenders and effectively protecting the legitimate rights and interests of financial consumers.

Douban 9.1, a high-scoring movie that watched millions of people cry, poked the biggest pain in our hearts.

Talking about psychology in the original building

01

It is said that the love of parents is the greatest love, but there is also a kind of love of relatives in this world. Whenever I think of her, many childhood memories will always emerge in my mind, and the softest place in my heart will feel warm. She is my grandmother.

The film love changes that I want to share with you today is a touching film about my grandmother.

This movie was released in South Korea in 2002, and it won the box office championship for four weeks in a row, becoming the highest-grossing movie of that year, and the netizens on Douban also scored 9.1.

Some netizens commented that watching the film reminds me of my grandmother, and every shot grandma appears is a tear …

02

Xiangyu, the hero of the story, is a little boy who grew up in a single-parent family.

Mother sent Xiangyu to her grandmother’s house in the country for a few days to facilitate her work.

On the way to grandma’s house, bumpy mountain roads, crowded buses and rustic country uncles and aunts chattered about chickens and ducks …

All these make Xiangyu, a city child, feel deeply disgusted and disgusted.

Xiangyu’s grandmother’s village is a very poor place. There are no entertainment facilities and places in the village, only a small grocery store, and grandma’s home is even more dilapidated.

Grandma is an old man in her seventies, her face is covered with wrinkles, and her back has been bent by perennial farm work.

Besides, grandma can’t read and is mute.

After her mother took Xiangyu to her grandmother’s house, she turned around and left.

Looking at this old and dumb grandmother, Xiangyu is full of disdain and disgust.

Grandma wanted to touch his head, and he was too dirty to avoid it. Grandma wanted to take his hand home, but he also forced it off and even made a gesture to hit someone.

There is no way, grandma hunched in front, followed by Xiangyu did not forget to scold: idiot.

Grandma just looked back at Xiangyu from time to time, for fear that he didn’t keep up.

This is the scene of the first meeting between grandparents and grandchildren, without a trace of warmth and touching.

In the evening, when having dinner, grandma brought Xiangyu food. He threw all the food into grandma’s bowl and only ate the canned food he brought.

Grandma’s eyesight is dim, and it is very laborious to thread the needle. She wants Xiangyu to help.

Xiangyu first pretended not to hear the video game, and after repeated requests from her grandmother, she got up impatiently to help.

Xiangyu’s game machine was out of power, so he pestered his grandmother to give him money to buy batteries, but her grandmother had no money, so she could only keep apologizing to Xiangyu.

He searched every corner of grandma’s house, but he didn’t find any money. He was so angry that he kicked the clay pot that grandma cherished and threw away her only pair of shoes.

Grandma without shoes can only walk barefoot on the rocky mountain road.

Xiangyu still refused to let it go. He took advantage of his grandmother’s sleep and pulled out her hairpins, hoping to exchange them for money to buy batteries.

When my grandmother woke up, she found that the hair clasp was missing, so she had to fix her hair with a spoon.

Xiangyu wanted to eat KFC, but grandma didn’t understand. He showed it to her like a rooster.

Grandma looked at Xiangyu’s cock and thought he wanted to eat chicken, so she braved the heavy rain and walked a long, long mountain road and bought a chicken.

After the stew, grandma brought the chicken to Xiangyu, but Xiangyu looked disgusted and cried and overturned his job, cursing grandma: you are a liar who knows nothing.

Grandma doesn’t know what to do, so she can only silently turn around and pick up the bowl that Xiangyu threw away, pick up the rice grains on the ground and stuff them into her mouth, for fear of wasting them.

Looking at Xiangyu who fell asleep in anger, grandma was full of guilt.

In the town, Xiangyu saw his little friend and was afraid that his grandmother would embarrass him, so he left his grandmother alone and went home by car with his partner.

Finally, in order to save money, grandma had to walk home alone.

Xiangyu’s personality is so capricious and stubborn, but grandma always only cares and tolerates him.

Grandma learns to ponder over his toys and wants to know more about her grandson’s world.

Xiangyu was afraid of going to the toilet alone at night, so grandma squatted barefoot and watched.

Grandma took Xiangyu to the town to sell melons, because grandma couldn’t speak. At the end of the day, none of them were sold.

But even if there is no income at the end of the day, grandma still takes Xiangyu to buy new shoes.

Take him to eat a meal in Zhajiang Noodles, and grandma only ordered one for Xiangyu, watching by herself.

In the face of her grandson’s unreasonable demands, my grandmother waved "I’m sorry" on her chest again and again and apologized to her grandson.

03

Grandma’s clumsy love made Xiangyu more headstrong at first, but as time went by, grandma’s love penetrated into Xiangyu’s heart, and he gradually changed, no longer just thinking about himself.

When grandma was not at home, it rained heavily. Xiangyu hurried to collect clothes. After collecting his own clothes, he saw that grandma’s clothes were still outside, and went out to collect grandma’s clothes.

Grandma got sick because she got wet in the rain. He would cover her with a quilt and put a towel on her forehead, hoping that she would get better soon.

On grandma’s sick day, he never cooked, and he prepared breakfast for grandma.

When grandma goes home, Xiangyu will take the initiative to take the bag in her hand.

Grandma bought him chocolate cakes, and he secretly stuffed one into her bag.

I accidentally fell down the hillside and was injured. When I saw my grandmother, Xiangyu jumped into her arms and cried bitterly.

Xiangyu’s dislike and complaint about his grandmother at first gradually turned into love and dependence. He is increasingly inseparable from his grandmother, and some even don’t want to return to the city.

Just when the relationship between grandparents and grandchildren improved, Xiangyu received a letter from his mother to take him home.

Xiangyu is full of sadness for his grandmother, and he doesn’t trust her to live alone. He teaches her to read and write letters.

He said to grandma:

Because you can’t talk on the phone, you should write to me.

Grandma, if you are sick, send me a blank piece of writing paper. I know it’s you, and I’ll be right back.

Speaking of which, Xiangyu has been sobbing, and grandma has secretly wiped her tears.

The day of parting still came, and Xiangyu helped grandma put on her needle and thread, which was enough for grandma to use for a while.

On the bus leaving, Xiangyu learned the gesture of grandma’s apology and gestured "I’m sorry" on his chest over and over again.

With the bus gone, grandma walked back to her hut alone.

After watching the movie, I remembered what Stefanie sang in the song "Good Youth":

Remember that someone is waiting at the end of the world, no matter how far away it is, don’t come back.

Affection is often the most easily overlooked emotion.

In many people’s childhood, there are always people who regard us as treasures in their hands and are willing to leave us the most precious things she has.

But because we are loved, we often have nothing to hide, dislike and blame them, and even never take the time to get to know them. It is not until we grow up that we find that the love we once ignored is so precious.

In the movie, my grandmother is old, and she is very indifferent to life and death. Even the old woman who runs a convenience store said flatly to her grandmother:

Come and see me again, before we die.

Xiangyu, on the other hand, didn’t understand grandma’s love until he left. Before he could figure out how to respond to grandma, he was about to leave her side.

In the future, how many opportunities will he have to repay his grandmother?

Don’t wait until it’s too late to try to make up for it.

Take advantage of this holiday, spend more time with them and listen to their stories when you have time. Only companionship is the longest confession.

The game rated as 18+ in Korea is now in the public beta, and the welfare is so good that foreign service players are jealous.

Hello, everyone, this is the surprise game, and I’m the little brother.

National service players are always particularly humble, the game version is slower than that of foreign service, and the environment is worse than that of foreign service. Even if the reward is reduced, the difficulty is usually increased, which makes everyone go to sea collectively to expedition to foreign service whenever they have the opportunity.

Recently, a new game in China has finally treated the national service players as normal people.

Recently, it was developed by MX studio, a subsidiary of South Korea’s NEXON, and the "Blue File" represented by domestic Youxing was finally released in public beta after two and a half years slower than overseas!

The game takes place in the fictional federal city "Kivotos", where there are various societies established by JK girls. One day, the president of the federal Council suddenly disappears, and the players in charge of the investigation will work with the girls in Kivotos to find the truth behind it.

Nowadays, many secondary games take the bitter route and like to discuss the dark side of human nature. Although the world of "Blue Files" is not peaceful, for example, bullets can be bought in vending machines and a rifle is stuffed in shoe cabinets, they still choose the daily route of youth with sunshine.

Probably this style is more pleasing. As of January this year, its overseas revenue was about 1.7 billion RMB, and the number of people who made reservations for the national service was as high as 3.3 million.

At that time, this game was a disaster in South Korea, because it was rated as an 18+ game by the Korean Game Management Committee, which caused dissatisfaction among countless Korean players. Finally, a wave of large-scale petitions was launched to investigate the game management Committee. After an investigation, it was found that the game management Committee was corrupt by 700 million won (about 4 million RMB), and later the person in charge resigned.

Basically, as long as it is an agent’s game, the treatment of the national service is usually poor. Basically, the monster’s difficulty increases and the reward decreases. This time, Youxing is quite sensible. Let’s operate normally one by one, synchronize the 3% basic SSR shipment probability after the overseas version is upgraded, and get an extra guarantee mechanism for specific SSR when it is over 200.

This normal operation, but let the younger brother can’t help but want to shout "thank you for your kindness". What’s the matter?

Because of the above reasons, many national service players are basking in their own novices, many newcomers have easily drawn popular Samsung roles, and some European emperors have drawn three Samsung roles, which has caused some old international service players to think about it, so some players spit out the mentality of international service players, indicating that some people’s sense of superiority is too ugly.

However, it is really fragrant for this novice to draw Samsung characters. Many scalpers sell some Ou Huang accounts that draw Samsung characters on second-hand platforms, which are less than 200 yuan cheaper and 500 yuan more expensive.

Xiao di bi LV gongRecently, many new two-dimensional games have been launched, some of which were originally popular, but the operation of digging search led to the collapse of game reputation. In fact, the requirements of players are not high, just asking manufacturers to treat players as normal people with IQ. Why can’t some manufacturers do it?

A positive shock problem: Do you know any digging or atmospheric games?

Run-up bounce 90 cm! How fierce is Curry, who claims to be a floor runner, to participate in the NBA physical examination?

Run-up bounce 90 cm! How fierce is Curry, who claims to be a floor runner, to participate in the NBA physical examination?

Warriors guard Curry recently participated in a program to answer his question about vertical bounce. Curry said that he didn’t know the answer either. Before the joint trial in 2009, he probably jumped 70 or 80 centimeters, but it doesn’t matter now, because he has long been playing on the floor.

"That’s a good question, but I don’t even know the answer myself. I think when I participated in the joint trial before the draft in 2009, I jumped about 28 inches (71 cm), maybe 32 inches (81 cm). But it doesn’t matter now, I play floor flow. " Curry said.

It seems that Curry really doesn’t know the vertical bounce at his peak. Perhaps, as a shooter, Curry knew from the beginning that athletic ability was not his advantage, and he didn’t care.

But in fact, Curry’s athletic ability is not bad.

According to the statistics of NBA official website, when Curry participated in the joint trial training before the NBA draft in 2009, the maximum vertical bounce in situ was 75cm.

What is this concept? In contrast, Harden’s in-situ vertical bounce at that time was 80 cm, Holliday.

And Terry Evans are both 72.4 cm.

At that time, Curry’s run-up vertical bounce was up to 90 cm, which was the same as Griffin’s. Harden is 94 cm, and Holliday and Terry Evans are 86 cm.

Although Terry Evans and Holliday are not outstanding defenders, their athletic abilities are at least impressive. But at least at the time of physical measurement, Curry was better than Evans and Holliday in vertical bouncing.

Now, the athletic ability is really insignificant to Curry. With so many years of playing, the stability and speed of the hand and the ability of physical confrontation are what Curry values most.

Why did Wang Chuqin enter the final 4-0 unexpectedly? Deng Yaping said the truth, and Zhang Benzhi was desperate.

On April 23rd, Beijing time, the men’s singles final of WTT Macau Championship will be held among table tennis players. Veteran Malone defeated lebrun in the semi-final to help Fan Zhendong complete revenge, while Wang Chuqin swept Zhang Benzhi and reached the final 4-0 in the semi-final. This semi-final was somewhat unexpected. Wang Chuqin once again beat Zhang Benzhi and perhaps thought of the result of defeating his opponent, but it was really unexpected that Wang Chuqin swept his opponent with a score of 4-0, because Wang Chuqin had previously focused on doubles.

In the past year, Wang Chuqin began to exert his strength in singles, so Wang Chuqin began to soar in the world rankings, and now he has risen to the second place in the world. Wang Chuqin gradually showed his talent and ability in men’s singles. With Sean Xiao becoming the head coach of Wang Chuqin, Wang Chuqin’s strength in fighting tough battles became stronger, and he showed a more stable state and mentality on the court, thus ensuring that he swept Zhang Benzhihe and did not leave any chance for his opponents to fight back.

The biggest competitor of the national table tennis men’s team in the new Olympic cycle is Zhang Benzhihe. We need to find a second singles player who can hold Zhang Benzhihe outside Fan Zhendong. Facts have proved that Liang Jingkun and Lin Gaoyuan do not have this ability and stability, so Wang Chuqin has become the key training target, and Wang Chuqin is also a post-00 generation. If Wang Chuqin can shoulder the heavy burden, there is no need to worry about Zhang Benzhihe creating too much threat to national table tennis in the next five years. Therefore,

Compared with Lin Gaoyuan and Liang Jingkun, why can Wang Chuqin resist the pressure and sweep his opponent 4-0 in this battle with Zhang Benzhi? After all, even Fan Zhendong, the first brother of Guoping, can’t beat Zhang Benzhihe 4-0. Why does Wang Chuqin have such strength? In fact, Deng Yaping praised Wang Chuqin’s character and technical characteristics before, saying:Wang Chuqin’s gas field is excellent, he has a good temperament in the game, dares to show his sword, is not soft in hard battles, and has a firm belief in the game.

Therefore, seeing Deng Yaping’s praise and comments on Wang Chuqin implies that Wang Chuqin has the strength and potential to help the China table tennis team win more honors in the future. With the sweeping of Zhang Benzhihe, the Japanese table tennis brother is completely desperate, not only in the next Durban World Table Tennis Championships, but also in the Paris Olympic Games.

Because Wang Chuqin became more and more competitive in singles after continuous high-intensity training in Sean Xiao, Zhang Benzhi and Wang Chuqin completely opened the gap, Wang Chuqin and Fan Zhendong could form the men’s singles double insurance in the new cycle of national table tennis, and Zhang Benzhi’s dream of hitting the men’s singles champion in the Olympic Games and the World Table Tennis Championships was completely shattered.

Harris swept Harden with 25 points: We need him.

On April 23rd, Beijing time, in the first round of the NBA playoffs G4, the 76ers beat the Nets away, and the series swept their opponents 4-0 to advance. After the game, 76ers stars James Harden and PJ Tucker were interviewed by the media.

In this campaign, Joel Embiid, the inside core of the 76ers, was absent due to injury, and byass Harris shouldered the offensive banner, shooting 11 of 19 shots, 2 of 4 three-pointers, 1 of 1 free throw, scoring a game-high 25 points and 12 rebounds, 1 assist, 1 steal and 1 block.

Talking about Harris’ outstanding performance, Harden said: "He is really great. He has been attacking the basket, ending at the basket, hitting three points and defending well. This is a special game for him and we need him. "

Tucker also praised Harris after the game. He said: "Harris is always so important, but few people in our team talk about him. (Especially when Joel is absent, Harris’ performance at both ends of the offense and defense is too important. "